An Analysis of the Literary Dependency of Desire of Ages,
Material that is an exact, word-for-word match
of the alleged source.
Words that are a match of biblical material as well as of the source.
Material that is similar, but the word forms are different.
Material that is represented in Rea's
comparison by an ellipsis.
Material that was ignored in Rea's
Material dropped from the beginning or end of
the paragraph of the alleged source by Rea.
Material clipped from the beginning or end of
a sentence in Rea's comparison, without giving the reader any
indication of such. (Either a capital letter or a period appears
where it should not, hiding the fact that material is
Faulty capitalization by Rea.
contributed by David J. Conklin
Paragraph 22 (analysis of pp. 328, 329 of White Lie)
Since Ellen White did not place Jeremiah 29:11 in bold and italics, we have removed
the bold and italics from that quotation,
and thus restored the selection back to its original format.
Rea uses the following paragraph from Hanna in the comparison for paragraph 24 as
|Desire of Ages
Ellen G. White, p. 57
|The Life of
William Hanna, p. 40
"That the thoughts of
may be revealed."25
In the light of the Saviour's life, the
hearts of all, even from the Creator to the prince of darkness, are revealed. Satan
has represented God as selfish and oppressive, as claiming all, and giving nothing,
as requiring the service of His creatures for His own glory, and making no sacrifice
for their good. But the gift of Christ reveals the Father's heart. It testifies that
the thoughts of God toward us are "thoughts of peace,
and not of evil." Jer. 29:11. It declares that while
God's hatred of
sin is as
strong as death, His love for the sinner
is stronger than death. Having undertaken our redemption, He will
spare nothing, however dear, which is necessary to the completion of His work.
No truth essential to our salvation is withheld, no miracle of mercy is neglected,
no divine agency is left unemployed. Favor is heaped upon favor, gift upon gift.
The whole treasury of heaven is open to those He seeks to save. Having collected
the riches of the universe, and laid open the resources of infinite power, He
gives them all into the hands of Christ, and says, All these are for man. Use
these gifts to convince him that there is no love greater than Mine in earth or
heaven. His greatest happiness will be found in loving Me.
Finally, Christ is the great Revealer of
the thoughts and intents of the
heart.25 Are we
proud, are we worldly, are we self-willed? Nothing
will more bring out the sway and empire of these or any kindred passions
over us than the bringing closer home to us the holy character and
unmitigable claims of Jesus Christ. Keep them at a distance, and the
strong man armed keeps the palace of the soul, and all comparatively is
at peace. Bring them near, force them home upon the
conscience and the
heart; then it is that the inwards struggle begins; and
in that struggle the spirit unconsciously
revealeth its true condition before God.26
(Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that
the thoughts of
many hearts may be revealed. (Luke 2:35)
|The Great Teacher
(1836; 1870 ed.)|
John Harris, p. 96
Having thus taught us to refer his death
to the divine benignity, having placed his cross in a line with the light of the
divine countenance, so that on beholding the one we may be drawn to gaze on the
other, he poured out his soul unto death. He showed us that,
while the hatred of
God against sin is strong as
death, his love to sinners is
yet stronger than death. He brought to an
issue the momentous question, which had been kept open since the fall—whether or not
God is light and love. The satanic agitation of this parent truth was the origin of
human alienation from God; and having once brought it into question in the human
mind, and thereby sown the seeds of enmity against God, it only remained for the
father of lies to water those deadly seeds, in order to reap the fruit of a continual
triumph against the Supreme. Besides, by widening the breach which existed between
earth and Heaven, Satan might calculate on the possibility of at length realizing
his own lie, of wearing out the goodness which only encountered abuse, of extinguishing
the last spark of love in the breast of God, and of exasperating justice to doom and
destroy the whole species. Every moment of four thousand years, therefore, he had
turned to account, in fomenting the aversion of man to God. By a vast, evil had been
kept in motion, and made to bear upon man, addressing itself to every passion, and
intrenching itself in every heart; so that, in a sense more than figurative, the
world, the entire mass of humanity, was subjected to a demoniacal possession.
|Observations: Out of Harris' 280
words, it looks like Ellen White borrowed 15. That would be 5.36%. Was that a problem in 1898?
Harris' book was published in 1836 in Amherst, Massachusetts.
It was therefore protected by U.S. copyright law for 28 years plus a possible extension of
14 years. Harris died in 1856. If his heirs renewed the copyright in 1864, then it would
not have gone into the public domain until 1878. In other words, by the time Desire
of Ages was published, Harris' book had already been in the public domain for at least
and thus there was no problem whatsoever in Ellen White's use of 15 words in 1898.
- Is Rea accusing Ellen White of plagiarizing these words from Hanna when she quotes from Scripture?
- Rea inserted an ellipsis here where there should not be one.